Different types of Japanese homes   日本の住居

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Some apato in Osaka

A Japanese Home in Mitaka, Tokyo.

A Japanese house in Mitaka, Tokyo.

Examples of manshon in Okayama

Typical accommodation

After the Second World War, Japan experienced strong economic and demographic growth, causing an unprecedented shortage of housing.

Discover some different types of modern Japanese houses; housing of average quality and dedicated to a lifetime of 25 to 30 years.

  • The apato ( アパート)

Aa abbreviation for "apa-tomento" and derived from the English "apartment", this is, as its name suggests, an apartment built in a wooden building and mostly on two floors. They don't all have a bathroom. Due to the use of less expensive materials, and often a lack of elevators, these are therefore residences with low rent.

Read: Living in a Japanese house

  • The manshon (マンション)

From the English "mansion", these are apartments built in tower blocks of reinforced concrete and steel, generally stronger than apato. Their stronger structure means improved insulation and better earthquake resistance. The rents are therefore higher than for an apato, although the living area is not necessarily any bigger.

Read: Traditional Japanese Houses

  • The ikkodate (一戸建て)

These individual houses usually have a wooden frame. The Japanese can buy a single plot of land and then have their house built, or buy land where a house is already built, but the second option is more expensive. It's common to knock down a house before reselling land to increase the chances of sale.

Discover: 10 unusual Japanese houses

Rent a house in Japan with Japan Experience

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