The symbolism of cherry blossoms in Japan   桜花の意味

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Back to school under the cherry blossoms

Back to school under the cherry blossoms

A thousand-year-old symbol

Traditionally associated with the hanami festivities, the cherry blossom is a very important symbol for the Japanese. Much more than just a flower, it's part of an age-old philosophy and today, the emblem of an entire nation.

A flower of contemplation

The tradition of Japan's cherry blossom festival, hanami, appeared during the Heian period (794-1185). Literally "flower viewing", hanami usually involves admiring cherry blossom trees with family or friends.

Today, many take the opportunity to have a picnic or hanami party with family, friends or colleagues, but it hasn't always been this way. And the contemplation of cherry trees has long been perceived as a philosophical activity more than anything else.

To read: Cherry blossom season in Japan

Hanami

Meet-ups under the blossoms

Based on the philosophy of mono no aware, appreciating the beauty of ephemeral things, hanami is an activity that encourages introspection.

Indeed, although the cherry blossoms are admired when they are still beautiful and in bloom with all their petals, they bloom and fade in record time before the eyes of those who contemplate them. With an average duration of two weeks, their time on earth is fleeting.

In this sense, hanami reminds us that life is short and that we must make the most of it. The season of cherry blossoms also marks the end of one fiscal year and the beginning of the next and invites each of us to take the time to think about our aspirations and future plans.

Today the cherry blossom still remains a moment of contemplation turned towards the future. The blossoms announce the start of the new school year and the coming spring and are a symbol of renewal and future happiness.

See also: Cherry blossom season: when to go?

Cherry tress in Taiwan

Cherry blossoms in Taiwan

 Cherry trees in South Korea

Cherry blossoms in South Korea

A national symbol

Poetic and philosophical, the cherry blossom is also a very important symbol of the identity of Japan.

Since the Nara period (710-794), it has been a symbol of the Japanese government.

Originally chosen to set the country apart from China, whose emblem was the plum blossom, the cherry blossom has since been used throughout Japanese history.

It was first associated with the Emperor's allies during the Civil War of 1868, then appropriated by the Meiji government (1868-1912) to establish its domination in several colonized countries. In Korea and Taiwan, several thousand cherry trees were planted to visually signify the Japanese occupation.

During the Second World War, the cherry blossom became a symbol of hope and comfort to motivate the country. 

Perceived as a familiar symbol for the Japanese, it was taken up by the government of the time to unify a nation weakened by war. Whether in the form of metaphors in political speeches or painted on kamikaze planes, the sakura was everywhere and carried the hopes of a whole nation.

Today, the cherry blossom, sakura, is recognized internationally as a symbol of Japan. In particular, it serves as a diplomatic gift when officials are invited abroad.

Read also: Cherry blossom forecast 2020

A kamikaze plane

A kamikaze plane

 A cherry blossom on a kamikaze plane

A cherry blossom on a kamikaze plane

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