Korakuen Garden 後楽園庭園
Okayama Castle seen from Koraku-en
When it starts to get dark, the garden is illuminated with lanterns
Korakuen garden's fame dates back many centuries: since the Edo period Korakuen has been celebrated throughout Japan for its beauty, long before it opened to the public in 1884. Today it is above all its authenticity and traditional aspect that attracts visitors.
Ikeda Tsunamasa ordered Nagatada Tsuda to construct Korakuen in 1687 to entertain his guests and friends. Since its inauguration in 1700, the garden was greatly enjoyed by the entourage of the daimyo who particularly liked the location of the garden: built on a sandbar in the Asahi River, with great views of Okayama Castle. At that time the garden was only accessible by boat from the shore, which added to its charm.
Although it was partially damaged by a flood in 1934 and in 1945 by the bombing of the city, it remains very close to its original appearance. The same restorations have been done through numerous drawings and engravings made at the time of its creation in the seventeenth century.
Over hill and dale
Korakuen is chisan kaiyu style, that is to say, it is organized into multiple scenes. Hills, lawns, ponds, waterfall, bridges, tea and rice fields are linked together harmoniously, especially when the garden becomes colourful during the hanami or momijigari seasons.
The layout of Korakuen is quite special: it is very open and unobstructed. One can have a complete view of the garden from several places. Yet it is not very large (only 13 hectares whereas Ritsurin garden in Takamatsu is 75 hectares). The garden still has no less than six shrines, three pavilions and a Noh theater stage. It takes at least two hours to explore every corner.The garden also hosts a large number of colorful koi carp and Japanese cranes.