Hiroshima 広島

  • Published on : 30/03/2020
  • by : M.M. / J.R.
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The tragedy of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima

Initially spared by the American aerial bombardment, which was concentrated on Tokyo, Hiroshima was to become the first city in history to suffer an atomic bombing. While Nazi Germany surrendered on 8 May 1945, Japan refused to give up its weapons.

To force Japan to sign an armistice, the American president, Harry Truman, decided to use nuclear weapons. Hiroshima was chosen for its crucial role in the military supply of the archipelago. On Monday 6 August 1945, at 8.15 am, a B-29 bomber flew over the city and dropped an atomic bomb called "Little Boy". This bomb exploded at an altitude of 600 meters, above the Shima Hospital, in the heart of the city.

The damage was unprecedented. Of the 350,000 inhabitants of Hiroshima at the time, 75,000 were killed instantly. Radiation-related injuries brought the death toll to around 250,000 in the following months and years. About 70% of the buildings were destroyed. The city became a "charred plain" (yakenohara in Japanese). Attacked in the same way in Nagasaki on 9 August, Japan finally surrendered on 2 September 1945, marking the end of the Second World War.

Bombe hiroshima

Nuage de la bombe atomique

Wikimedia Commons

Bombe hiroshima

Le dôme d'Hiroshima détruit

Wikimedia Commons

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  • Duration : 8 hour
  • Location : Hiroshima
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  • Locations : Tokyo, Hakone Mt Fuji, Hiroshima, Kyoto
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